Technische specificaties van de servers

Onze applicaties bieden we aan in de pakketten 'standard' en 'plus'. De applicatie heeft in beide pakketten steeds exact dezelfde functionaliteit. Het verschil in beide pakketten zit in de hardware specificaties van de server.

Upgraden en downgraden

Upgraden

Wanneer je bij het bestelproces bijvoorbeeld gekozen hebt voor een 'Standard' pakket, dan kan je dit steeds laten upgraden naar een 'Plus' pakket. Dit kan noodzakelijk zijn om bijvoorbeeld meer processor-kracht of meer RAM geheugen kunnen in te zetten, of om de opslagruimte te verhogen.

Downgraden

Als een server bijvoorbeeld van het 'Standard' naar het 'Plus' pakket wordt geupgrade, dan heb je de keuze om enkel de processor (CPU) en het RAM-geheugen te upgraden, of ook de opslagruimte. Wanneer enkel processor en het RAM-geheugen geupgrade wordt, dan kan in de toekomst steeds een downgrade naar het 'Standard' pakket gebeuren. Wanneer ook de opslagruimte geupgrade werd, dan is een downgrade niet meer mogelijk.

Algemene specificaties

Onze virtuele machines worden gehost op servers waarbij de processor en het RAM-geheugen gedeeld worden met andere virtuele machines. Op aanvraag is het mogelijk om dedicated vCPU's te gebruiken.

Applicaties

In onderstaand overzicht volgt een beschrijving van de exacte server specificaties per applicatie en per pakket. De servers zijn steeds virtuele servers.

BookStack

Essential

Standard

Plus

Invoice Ninja

Essential

Standard

Plus

Snipe-IT

Essential

Standard

Plus

UniFi Network Application

Essential

Standard

Plus

Benchmarks

Onderstaande benchmarks werden uitgevoerd op een virtuele server met 2 vCPU's en 4 GB RAM-geheugen. Als besturingssysteem gebruikten we Debian 11.3 met Linux kernel 5.10.0-14.

Opslagruimte

Om benchmarks op de opslagruimte uit te voeren, gebruikte we fio versie 3.25.

Write

We schreven 2GB (4 jobs van 512MB):

sudo fio --name=randwrite --ioengine=libaio --iodepth=1 --rw=randwrite --bs=4k --direct=0 --size=512M --numjobs=4 --runtime=240 --group_reporting

Dat gaf dit resultaat:

randwrite: (g=0): rw=randwrite, bs=(R) 4096B-4096B, (W) 4096B-4096B, (T) 4096B-4096B, ioengine=libaio, iodepth=1
...
fio-3.25
Starting 4 processes
randwrite: Laying out IO file (1 file / 512MiB)
randwrite: Laying out IO file (1 file / 512MiB)
randwrite: Laying out IO file (1 file / 512MiB)
randwrite: Laying out IO file (1 file / 512MiB)
Jobs: 4 (f=4): [w(4)][100.0%][w=201MiB/s][w=51.5k IOPS][eta 00m:00s]
randwrite: (groupid=0, jobs=4): err= 0: pid=738: Tue May 24 09:39:54 2022
  write: IOPS=59.0k, BW=234MiB/s (246MB/s)(2048MiB/8742msec); 0 zone resets
    slat (usec): min=2, max=45198, avg=60.91, stdev=1030.00
    clat (nsec): min=678, max=12025k, avg=1918.96, stdev=45729.60
     lat (usec): min=3, max=45232, avg=63.07, stdev=1031.60
    clat percentiles (nsec):
     |  1.00th=[   700],  5.00th=[   708], 10.00th=[   732], 20.00th=[   844],
     | 30.00th=[   892], 40.00th=[  1020], 50.00th=[  1224], 60.00th=[  1496],
     | 70.00th=[  1784], 80.00th=[  1960], 90.00th=[  2128], 95.00th=[  2512],
     | 99.00th=[  4128], 99.50th=[  8096], 99.90th=[ 43264], 99.95th=[ 71168],
     | 99.99th=[897024]
   bw (  KiB/s): min=121592, max=1116624, per=100.00%, avg=250840.24, stdev=59610.23, samples=65
   iops        : min=30398, max=279155, avg=62709.69, stdev=14902.51, samples=65
  lat (nsec)   : 750=13.10%, 1000=26.08%
  lat (usec)   : 2=46.14%, 4=13.63%, 10=0.68%, 20=0.18%, 50=0.11%
  lat (usec)   : 100=0.06%, 250=0.01%, 500=0.01%, 750=0.01%, 1000=0.01%
  lat (msec)   : 2=0.01%, 4=0.01%, 10=0.01%, 20=0.01%
  cpu          : usr=4.91%, sys=14.09%, ctx=5271, majf=0, minf=57
  IO depths    : 1=100.0%, 2=0.0%, 4=0.0%, 8=0.0%, 16=0.0%, 32=0.0%, >=64=0.0%
     submit    : 0=0.0%, 4=100.0%, 8=0.0%, 16=0.0%, 32=0.0%, 64=0.0%, >=64=0.0%
     complete  : 0=0.0%, 4=100.0%, 8=0.0%, 16=0.0%, 32=0.0%, 64=0.0%, >=64=0.0%
     issued rwts: total=0,524288,0,0 short=0,0,0,0 dropped=0,0,0,0
     latency   : target=0, window=0, percentile=100.00%, depth=1

Run status group 0 (all jobs):
  WRITE: bw=234MiB/s (246MB/s), 234MiB/s-234MiB/s (246MB/s-246MB/s), io=2048MiB (2147MB), run=8742-8742msec

Disk stats (read/write):
  sda: ios=0/126694, merge=0/845, ticks=0/232652, in_queue=232655, util=93.89%

Read

We lazen 2GB (4 jobs van 512MB):

sudo fio --name=randread --ioengine=libaio --iodepth=16 --rw=randread --bs=4k --direct=0 --size=512M --numjobs=4 --runtime=240 --group_reporting

Dat gaf dit resultaat:

randread: (g=0): rw=randread, bs=(R) 4096B-4096B, (W) 4096B-4096B, (T) 4096B-4096B, ioengine=libaio, iodepth=16
...
fio-3.25
Starting 4 processes
randread: Laying out IO file (1 file / 512MiB)
randread: Laying out IO file (1 file / 512MiB)
randread: Laying out IO file (1 file / 512MiB)
randread: Laying out IO file (1 file / 512MiB)
Jobs: 1 (f=1): [_(3),r(1)][100.0%][r=10.0MiB/s][r=2561 IOPS][eta 00m:00s]
randread: (groupid=0, jobs=4): err= 0: pid=748: Tue May 24 09:41:17 2022
  read: IOPS=13.8k, BW=54.0MiB/s (56.6MB/s)(2048MiB/37921msec)
    slat (usec): min=72, max=26831, avg=251.53, stdev=224.41
    clat (usec): min=3, max=31309, avg=3850.84, stdev=1376.21
     lat (usec): min=122, max=34147, avg=4102.97, stdev=1444.32
    clat percentiles (usec):
     |  1.00th=[ 2278],  5.00th=[ 2474], 10.00th=[ 2638], 20.00th=[ 2868],
     | 30.00th=[ 3097], 40.00th=[ 3294], 50.00th=[ 3523], 60.00th=[ 3818],
     | 70.00th=[ 4178], 80.00th=[ 4686], 90.00th=[ 5407], 95.00th=[ 5932],
     | 99.00th=[ 7832], 99.50th=[10683], 99.90th=[17695], 99.95th=[20055],
     | 99.99th=[30278]
   bw (  KiB/s): min=51280, max=74928, per=100.00%, avg=63027.97, stdev=1396.04, samples=267
   iops        : min=12820, max=18732, avg=15756.93, stdev=348.99, samples=267
  lat (usec)   : 4=0.01%, 10=0.01%, 250=0.01%, 500=0.01%, 750=0.01%
  lat (usec)   : 1000=0.01%
  lat (msec)   : 2=0.01%, 4=65.45%, 10=33.98%, 20=0.51%, 50=0.05%
  cpu          : usr=2.90%, sys=12.02%, ctx=525101, majf=0, minf=110
  IO depths    : 1=0.1%, 2=0.1%, 4=0.1%, 8=0.1%, 16=100.0%, 32=0.0%, >=64=0.0%
     submit    : 0=0.0%, 4=100.0%, 8=0.0%, 16=0.0%, 32=0.0%, 64=0.0%, >=64=0.0%
     complete  : 0=0.0%, 4=100.0%, 8=0.0%, 16=0.1%, 32=0.0%, 64=0.0%, >=64=0.0%
     issued rwts: total=524288,0,0,0 short=0,0,0,0 dropped=0,0,0,0
     latency   : target=0, window=0, percentile=100.00%, depth=16

Run status group 0 (all jobs):
   READ: bw=54.0MiB/s (56.6MB/s), 54.0MiB/s-54.0MiB/s (56.6MB/s-56.6MB/s), io=2048MiB (2147MB), run=37921-37921msec

Disk stats (read/write):
  sda: ios=524118/50, merge=0/17, ticks=117035/17, in_queue=117053, util=99.86%

Random read/write

sudo fio --randrepeat=1 --ioengine=libaio --direct=1 --gtod_reduce=1 --name=test --filename=random_read_write.fio --bs=4k --iodepth=64 --size=4G --readwrite=randrw --rwmixread=75

Dat gaf dit resultaat:

test: (g=0): rw=randrw, bs=(R) 4096B-4096B, (W) 4096B-4096B, (T) 4096B-4096B, ioengine=libaio, iodepth=64
fio-3.25
Starting 1 process
test: Laying out IO file (1 file / 4096MiB)
Jobs: 1 (f=1): [m(1)][100.0%][r=151MiB/s,w=49.8MiB/s][r=38.6k,w=12.8k IOPS][eta 00m:00s]
test: (groupid=0, jobs=1): err= 0: pid=756: Tue May 24 09:42:30 2022
  read: IOPS=36.9k, BW=144MiB/s (151MB/s)(3070MiB/21303msec)
   bw (  KiB/s): min=119000, max=179816, per=99.98%, avg=147538.93, stdev=13675.43, samples=42
   iops        : min=29750, max=44954, avg=36884.69, stdev=3418.87, samples=42
  write: IOPS=12.3k, BW=48.2MiB/s (50.5MB/s)(1026MiB/21303msec); 0 zone resets
   bw (  KiB/s): min=39736, max=59872, per=99.99%, avg=49313.76, stdev=4497.26, samples=42
   iops        : min= 9934, max=14968, avg=12328.38, stdev=1124.17, samples=42
  cpu          : usr=18.04%, sys=47.15%, ctx=24982, majf=0, minf=7
  IO depths    : 1=0.1%, 2=0.1%, 4=0.1%, 8=0.1%, 16=0.1%, 32=0.1%, >=64=100.0%
     submit    : 0=0.0%, 4=100.0%, 8=0.0%, 16=0.0%, 32=0.0%, 64=0.0%, >=64=0.0%
     complete  : 0=0.0%, 4=100.0%, 8=0.0%, 16=0.0%, 32=0.0%, 64=0.1%, >=64=0.0%
     issued rwts: total=785920,262656,0,0 short=0,0,0,0 dropped=0,0,0,0
     latency   : target=0, window=0, percentile=100.00%, depth=64

Run status group 0 (all jobs):
   READ: bw=144MiB/s (151MB/s), 144MiB/s-144MiB/s (151MB/s-151MB/s), io=3070MiB (3219MB), run=21303-21303msec
  WRITE: bw=48.2MiB/s (50.5MB/s), 48.2MiB/s-48.2MiB/s (50.5MB/s-50.5MB/s), io=1026MiB (1076MB), run=21303-21303msec

Disk stats (read/write):
  sda: ios=778983/260325, merge=0/35, ticks=829618/263407, in_queue=1093033, util=99.67%

Netwerk

We voerden een speedtest uit vanaf een server in Falkenstein naar een server in Rosenheim (speedtest server ID 37516).

speedtest

Dat gaf dit resultaat:

Testing from Hetzner Online GmbH (168.119.178.2)...
Retrieving speedtest.net server list...
Retrieving information for the selected server...
Hosted by Komro GmbH (Rosenheim) [428.19 km]: 18.881 ms
Testing download speed............................................
Download: 1200.87 Mbit/s
Testing upload speed..............................................
Upload: 1046.51 Mbit/s

Processor

We voerden een sysbench test uit met versie 1.0.20.

sysbench cpu --threads=2 run

Dat gaf dit resultaat:

sysbench 1.0.20 (using system LuaJIT 2.1.0-beta3)

Running the test with following options:
Number of threads: 2
Initializing random number generator from current time


Prime numbers limit: 10000

Initializing worker threads...

Threads started!

CPU speed:
    events per second:  1807.14

General statistics:
    total time:                          10.0006s
    total number of events:              18077

Latency (ms):
         min:                                    1.04
         avg:                                    1.10
         max:                                   12.67
         95th percentile:                        1.27
         sum:                                19974.38

Threads fairness:
    events (avg/stddev):           9038.5000/2.50
    execution time (avg/stddev):   9.9872/0.00

Geheugen

We voerden een sysbench test uit met versie 1.0.20.

sysbench memory --threads=2 run

Dat gaf dit resultaat:

sysbench 1.0.20 (using system LuaJIT 2.1.0-beta3)

Running the test with following options:
Number of threads: 2
Initializing random number generator from current time


Running memory speed test with the following options:
  block size: 1KiB
  total size: 102400MiB
  operation: write
  scope: global

Initializing worker threads...

Threads started!

Total operations: 42084784 (4207444.09 per second)

41098.42 MiB transferred (4108.83 MiB/sec)


General statistics:
    total time:                          10.0004s
    total number of events:              42084784

Latency (ms):
         min:                                    0.00
         avg:                                    0.00
         max:                                    6.04
         95th percentile:                        0.00
         sum:                                13791.29

Threads fairness:
    events (avg/stddev):           21042392.0000/15556.00
    execution time (avg/stddev):   6.8956/0.01

Revision #10
Created 3 October 2021 07:45:45 by Kris Lowet
Updated 24 May 2022 09:57:09 by Kris Lowet